John "Johnny" Sciandra (1899–1949) real name 'Giovanni Sciandra', was a notorious boss of the Bufalino crime family of Pennsylvania from 1933 until his death in 1949.
Very little is known about Sciandra's early life. The Sciandra family immigrated to the United States from Montedoro, Sicily in the 1880s. Originally a coal miner in Northeastern Pennsylvania, Sciandra became an enforcer and bootlegger for Bufalino family boss Santo Volpe. Like so many crime families, they are built upon blood ties, long standing friendships and various powerful arms. The Bufalino crime family would have four very powerful members who pulled all the strings. These included Santo "King of The Knights" Volpe, Angelo Polizzi, "Joe The Barber" Joseph Barbara and Russell Bufalino, after whom the crime family is named. In 1933, Volpe stepped back to concentrate on more legitimate ventures, and Sciandra was nominated boss over Scranton and surrounding areas (with Volpe maintaining an advisory role). Polizzi became consigliere, maintaining this role until his death in 1957.
It is a common misunderstanding that Sciandra was murdered in 1940, when in fact, he died of natural causes in 1949. See "Men from Montedoro."