Marcy was born in Chicago, Illinois on September 6, 1913 to an Italian American family. His name was originally Pasqualino Marciano until he formally changed it. He and Tony Accardo both worked for Al Capone. Marciano was a gunman for the original Capone gang. He became the head of the first ward which controlled everything from the governor on down.
The First Ward
Marcy ran Chicago's old 1st Ward which encompassed Chicago's Downtown. Alderman Fred Roti and Democratic Committeeman John D'Arco, Sr., both of whom also had close ties to the Chicago Outfit, took their direct orders from Marcy. Marcy regularly met with the mob's main enforcers at Counselor's Row restaurant, across the street from Chicago City Hall. For many years, Marcy ruled the First Ward Democratic organization with an iron fist, the First Ward was the wealthiest and most powerful political organization in Illinois, and one of the largest, wealthiest and most powerful political organizations in the world. Marcy controlled in Illinois from the governor on down, he controlled all of the state and federal judges in Illinois, and no state or federal judge could be appointed in a case without Marcy's approval.
Beginning in the 1950s, the Federal Bureau of Investigation tried for over three decades to bring down Marcy and his associates. According to former FBI agent William F. Roemer, Jr., their tactics included illegally bugging the First Ward's Headquarters at 100 North LaSalle Street in 1962. Although the bug, dubbed "Shade," revealed a great deal about the activities of the First Ward's political machine, nothing could be used in court.
Finally, in the mid 1980s, criminal defense attorney and longtime First Ward associate Robert Cooley secretly approached Federal prosecutors. He declared, "I want to help you destroy the all-powerful First Ward. I want to help you destroy Pat Marcy." Cooley proceeded to wear a wire while meeting with Marcy and several other First Ward members, including D'Arco and Roti, implicating them in numerous acts of corruption, including fixing trials on the Outfit's behalf. According to Cooley, Marcy had influence in Cook County politics, job appointments in law enforcement, and court decisions.
During the same period, Michael Corbitt, the imprisoned former police chief of Willow Springs, Illinois, began cooperating with federal prosecutors. According to Corbitt, Marcy was so trusted by the Outfit that the money skimmed from casinos in Central America and Las Vegas was delivered directly to him.
Imprisonment and death
As a result of these investigations, Marcy was indicted (91 CR 1045) with one count of conspiracy under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), six counts of bribery, and six counts of extortion. Marcy died during the trial, in March 1993.