Vittorio Amuso

Vittorio "Little Vic" Amuso (born 1934) is a New York mobster and former boss of the Lucchese crime family from 1987 to 2012. Amuso is currently serving a life sentence at the Federal Correctional Complex in Beaumont, Texas on murder and racketeering charges. The U.S. Government dubbed him as "The Deadly Don". Amuso and his underboss Anthony Casso was considered equal in terms of power and control over the Lucchese crime family and he and Casso orchestrated an extremely violent and bloody regime, ordering anybody who crossed them to be murdered, regardless of who they were, even if they were a part of law enforcement, and they ruled thru ferocity and fear. It is believed by the FBI that Amuso and Casso ordered as many as 1,000 murders under their reign of terror, making them among the most violent and ferocious crime lords in history.

Early life

Vittorio Amuso was born in 1934, he grew up in Brooklyn. In the late 1940s, he was introduced to Anthony Corallo, a prominent caporegime in the Gagliano crime family, forerunner of the Lucchese family. Amuso acted as a bodyguard and chauffer for Caporegime Carmine Tramunti.

Enforcer for Gallo

He later became an enforcer for Profaci crime family mobster, Joey Gallo, in Brooklyn, New York. In the early 1960s, the Gallo brothers claimed war against longtime boss, Joe Profaci and the old Profaci faction of the family, because Profaci took huge parts of Gallo's profit. Amuso would allegedly kill several members of the Profaci faction, but sent to prison sometime in the early 1960s, along with Joey Gallo and a dozen others for extortion charges.

After Joe Gallo's release from prison in early 1971, he continued his war aganist the family on June 28, 1971 boss Joseph Colombo was shot. Months later on April 7, 1972 Joe Gallo was shot to death in Little Italy Manhattan, New York, while he was celebrating his 43rd birthday. Many Colombo crime family members, especially those from the old Gallo crew, defected to other crime families. Amuso left the colombos and went to the Lucchese crime family sometime during that year, as an associate in the crew of Caporegime Christopher Furnari.

Lucchese crime family

Amuso became of one of Furnari's top protégés along with friend Anthony Casso. On December 21, 1972, Amuso was arrested by police outside the "House on Morgan Avenue", a front for the "Bronx Connection" kickback scheme, selling prison paroles for as high as $20,000 to prison inmates. Presumably to meet with the building owner, Richard Curro, a city corrections officer and Lucchese family associate, who acted as liaison between inmates and the Luccheses, Amuso was in possession of a switchblade and a file folder of parole documents at the time of his arrest.

From Made man to prison

In 1977, Amuso became a made man in the Lucchese family. On May 30, 1977 Amuso was arrested with Anthony Casso, for their involvement in a drug trafficking ring smuggling heroin from Bangkok, Thailand. At the time of the Brooklyn mobsters' arrest, he had been found with three pounds of heroin in his possession. Reportedly, the heroin operation was headed by Amuso, his cooperator Casso, and two other associates of the Lucchese crime family. They were all sent to prison.

Christopher Furnari was promoted to consigliere in 1980, and Amuso succeeded him as capo. Furnari actually wanted Casso to succeed him, but Casso preferred to become Furnari's aide-de-camp.

Sanctioned murders

On April 13, 1986, the Underboss of the Gambino crime family, Frank DeCicco, was killed when a bomb placed under his car went off. The bomb had been planted by Herbert Pate, while Amuso, Casso, and Vic's brother Robert watched from a parked car. The real target was allegedly Gambino Boss John Gotti, who, with DeCicco, had organized the murder of former Boss Paul Castellano on December 16th 1985, without the permission of the Commission. Reportedly, Amuso and Casso, along with Genovese crime family Boss Vincent Gigante and Gambino crime family Capos and castellano loyalists James Failla and Daniel Marino, had planned Gotti's execution, but killed DeCicco by mistake. Although Casso later testified that both he and Amuso had conspired with Gigante, this was never raised at the trial, because Casso was dropped from the Witness Protection Program many years later.

Murder of Anthony Luongo

On February 15, 1985, Boss Anthony Corallo, Consigliere Christopher Furnari and underboss Salvatore Santoro were indicted in the Mafia Commission Trial along with the top major heads of the Five Families. To replace him, Corallo put his protégé Anthony Luongo as acting boss sometime in early 1986, but toward December of that same year, Luongo disappeared. Rumor has it that Amuso, then Luongo's driver and bodyguard, killed him to remove his last major opponent in the race to become the new lucchese boss. Amuso's friend, Anthony Casso was also reportedly involved in the Luongo incident.

By late 1986, Boss Anthony Corallo realized that he, Underboss Salvatore Santoro and Consigliere Christopher Furnari were headed for convictions that would send them to prison for life. To avoid internal war and keep up the family's tradition of a peaceful transfer of power, Corallo summoned Amuso and Anthony Casso to a meeting at Furnari's house, and decided that one of them would succeed him as boss. Furnari then met with his two protègés and told them to decide which one would take the mantle. They ultimately decided that it should be Amuso. He was named acting boss later in 1986, and the new official boss on January 13, 1987, where Corallo and others were sentenced to life imprisonment.

Boss of the Lucchese family

Amuso, the first member of the Lucchese family's Brooklyn wing to become boss, soon started one of the bloodiest reigns in Mafia history. Historically, the Lucchese family had been reckoned as the most peaceful of the Five Families. In marked contrast, Amuso had a simple way of dealing with anyone who crossed him—kill them on the spot.

The bloodletting started with the so called "Windows Case" in 1986, when Amuso felt that his family wasn't getting enough profit from the operation, and demanded that Casso supervise Lucchese's share in the cartel. The Gambino, Colombo, Genovese and Lucchese families had together created a cartel in 1978, which eventually controlled over $3 billion in contracts from the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA). The cartel monopolized the industry through Local 580, a Lucchese family-controlled local of the Iron Workers Union. Through the union, the cartel could solicit bribes, extort payoffs and enforce its monopoly. The cartel worked their controlled industry by charging a tax of approximately $5.00 to $6.00 for almost every window replacement, public and private, sold in New York City. The iron fists of Anthony Casso and captain Peter Chiodo raised Amuso's shares in the cartel.

Dispute with Accetturo

The bloodletting only increased after Amuso named Casso as his underboss in 1988. Toward the late 1980s, Amuso and Casso began arguing with the Caporegime of the New Jersey faction of the Lucchese crime family, Anthony Accetturo, about the profit Amuso received. When ordering Accetturo to raise the profit, Accetturo refused. Amuso then gave the order to "whack Jersey", meaning that the entire Jersey faction of the family should be eliminated. In the fall of 1988, the entire New Jersey crew was summoned to meet with Amuso in Brooklyn. Fearful of being massacred, everyone refused to go. Soon the entire New Jersey crew had gone into hiding, decimating the Lucchese interests in New Jersey and decreasing their income. Amuso and Casso went on to eliminate anyone with even the merest suspicion that they might be defectors or if they were considered potential rivals. Over the next 12 months, most of the New Jersey crew members came back to the family. Amuso told the returned crew members that Accetturo was an outlaw and needed to be disposed off. Amuso also sent hitmen to Florida, searching for Accetturo, however, what Amuso didn't realized was that Accetturo was jailed in New Jersey, for refusing to testify in front a state panel. Accetturo would later become an informant. Accetturo's former protégé and longtime rival, Michael Taccetta, who was also despised by Amuso, reputedly took over Lucchese's Jersey Crew, which is the nickname of their faction in Northern New Jersey, toward his conviction in 1993, before Accetturo eventually agreed to become an informant.

Fugitives and Convictions

In early 1991, Amuso and Casso were indicted as part of a racketeering investigation. Acting on prior knowledge, Amuso and his Underboss went into hiding. Amuso named Alphonse D' Arco as acting boss. But the bloodshed of Vic Amuso and Tony Casso wasn't over yet, as Lucchese caporegime Peter Chiodo was charged with violations of the RICO act in 1991.

Suspecting that Chiodo had turned informer, Amuso decided to have Chiodo killed. On May 8, 1991, five Lucchese assassins with uzi submachine guns shot Chiodo 21 times, but failed to kill him. A few weeks later, Amuso sent word to Chiodo's attorneys that his wife and children had been marked for death. This violated a longstanding Mafia rule that children are not to be harmed. Later, a Lucchese hit squad nearly killed Chiodo's sister, but several Lucchese hit squads killed, tortured, or injured dozens of Chiodo's family, friends, and associates.

The move backfired spectacularly, as Peter Chiodo who was a loyal capo but amuso's and casso's paranoia made them believe Chiodo was a snitch this eventually turned him into a government informant and agreed to testify against several major heads of the Five Families, including Amuso, that same year. Chiodo revealed details of the entire Windows Case operation, several murder and conspiracy charges, kidnapping, bombing, loansharking and extortion, as well as money laundering, weapon trafficking and drug trafficking operations around Queens, Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx.

Amuso issued several other orders that led many inside and outside the Lucchese family to conclude he was no longer behaving or thinking rationally. He and Casso crafted a list of 160 people that they wanted dead, some of whom were Lucchese mobsters. He also ordered D'Arco to bring in a bomb expert from the Philadelphia crime family as part of a plan to blow up Gambino boss John Gotti and Sammy Gravano because the previous plot failed in 1986. Amuso then turned his wrath on Street Boss Alphonse D' Arco, whom he held responsible for the failed hit on Capo Peter Chiodo. He effectively demoted D'Arco by naming a four-man panel to run the family in his absence.

Federal agents captured Amuso at a suburban mall outside Scranton, Pennsylvania. Shortly afterward, Alphonse D' Arco was set up to be killed at a meeting of top Lucchese leaders at a Manhattan hotel. D'Arco spotted a man carrying a gun under his shirt, then slip the gun out of his shirt when he went to the bathroom. Realizing that the next guy to come out of the bathroom would likely come out shooting, D'Arco fled for his life and turned state's evidence. His testimony (and that of many others) proved to be devastating to Amuso's case, as he was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1992. Amuso is currently serving his life sentence at a high security Federal penitentiary in Coleman, Florida.

Anthony Casso managed to stay free for two more years until he himself was apprehended in New Jersey in 1993. Believing Casso was responsible for his arrest, Amuso effectively banished Casso from the family. Casso responded by turning informer himself. Casso's information, combined with that of numerous other Lucchese defectors, helped the government all but destroy the family.

After the incarcerations of both Amuso and Casso, the US government learned that they each had, allegedly, ordered more than 110 killings while they were fugitives and while on trial, using corrupt NYPD detectives Louis Eppolito and Stephen Caracappa as their personal hit men.


After Amuso's indictment in 1991 with the testimony provided by former acting boss Alphonse D' Arco, Amuso promoted his caporegime Joseph DeFede, to acting boss, with the help of the Ruling Panel members, Steven Crea, Anthony Baratta, Salvatore Avellino and Consigliere Frank Lastorino in 1991. It was around this time that Lastorino used the indictments of Amuso and Anthony Casso to take advantage of the situation and gained much of the authority in the family when he aligned himself with Brooklyn faction leaders George Zappola, Frank "Bones" Papagni, Frank Gioia, Jr. and George Conte.

Fearing rivalry from The Bronx

In early 1992, Amuso feared that rivalry was being developed in the Lucchese crime family, as some mobsters thought, with Amuso out of the way, that they could take over. The rivals were the old Bronx faction of the family, and Amuso felt he had to prove that he was still in charge. On April 3, 1992, Aniello Migliore, one of the most powerful capos of the Lucchese family, was celebrating the birthday of a friend's granddaughter in a Westbury, New York restaurant on Long Island. During the party, a gunman in a passing car fired one or two shotgun blasts through the restaurant window, hitting Migliore in the head and chest. Despite his wounds, Migliore survived. The attempt on his life did not sway Migliore away from the crime family though, as he kept operating throughout the 1990s.

Bronx & Brooklyn rivalries

As Amuso allegedly attempted to kill Capo Aniello Migliore from the Bronx faction in 1992, he chose another Bronx faction-leader named Steven Crea as the new and powerful Underboss of the Lucchese crime family to keep rivals from the Bronx in line. However, this decision almost triggered a new war within the crime family, as Crea, along with Joseph DeFede decided to turn the family's power center away from Brooklyn, New York and back to the Bronx faction where it had been for decades. This, however, didn't please the imprisoned boss Vic Amuso and his supporters within the Brooklyn faction. Crime family Consigliere, Frank Lastorino saw to organize the murder of Steven Crea using capos George Zappola, Frank Papagni and Frank Gioia, Jr., and would further plan to use the death of acting boss Steven Crea to gain the control of the Lucchese crime family. US law enforcement also recognized these members as the actual leaders of the family at the time, and even picked them up on wires and bugs saying they were going to kill Gambino crime family boss John A. "Junior" Gotti son of John Gotti, and Gotti's rival Nicholas Corozzo to split up the Gambinos. This conspiracy also included Genovese crime family boss Vincent Gigante and on-the-lam leader, Anthony Casso before he was apprehended. But due to massive indictments of the time, slashing all members of the three families involved in the conspiracy, the plot never succeeded, and Amuso kept running the family from prison as most of the conspirators themselves were sent to prison.

Restructure of the family

During the mid 1990s, the majority of the Brooklyn faction-leaders, many of whom were known Amuso's rivals, were sent to prison on various charges. To keep some sense of stability within the Lucchese crime family, Amuso promoted his loyal friend and Brooklyn capo Louis Daidone to the position of Consigliere, replacing Frank Lastorino. Amuso also kept Joseph DeFede as the crime family's Acting Boss. DeFede oversaw important crime family operations such as those in the Garment District, which brought in between $40,000 to $60,000 a month. Amuso also kept Steven Crea of the Bronx, New York as the Underboss, overseeing the construction and union racketeering operations that made the crime family between $300,000 and $500,000 a month.

Daidone was put in control of the crews and street soldiers that took care of all the debt collection and muscle work, basically the collection of gambling and loansharking debts, the extortion operations and allegedly murder for hire. After Daidone was promoted to the number three spot, Long Island caporegime Joseph Caridi stepped up to run Daidone's former crew.

Joseph DeFede's imprisonment

On April 28, 1998, Joseph DeFede was indicted on nine counts of racketeering stemming from his supervision of the crime family rackets in New York's Garment District from 1992 to 1997. The prosecution reported that since the mid-1980s the Lucchese crime family had been grossing between $40,000 and $60,000 per month from the Garment District rackets they controlled. In December 1998, DeFede pleaded guilty to the charges and received five years in prison. Angry at his guilty plea, Amuso became uncertain of DeFede's loyalty to the crime family and in the future Amuso would regard DeFede as a traitor and thief.

Wonderboy's enormous profit

After the imprisonment of Joseph DeFede in 1998, Amuso handpicked Bronx faction leader, Steven Crea as the new acting boss of the Lucchese crime family. Crea, a loyal Amuso Underboss began sending a larger amount of the crime family's profits to the imprisoned boss, which convinced Amuso that Joseph DeFede had been skimming profits from the crime family the whole time he was acting boss, so Amuso decided to put out a contract on DeFede's life in late 1999. On September 6, 2000, Crea and seven other Lucchese members were arrested and jailed on extortion charges. Crea was eventually convicted in 2001 and sentenced to 5 years in prison. Steven Crea was released from prison in 2006.

Daidone, DeFede and D'Arco

Following the imprisonment of Steven Crea in 2001, influential Consigliere, Louis Daidone was promoted to acting boss and began to run the day-to-day operations of the crime family. Daidone, at the time, one of the strongest and most dangerous crime family members, would continue to oversee the contract ordered by Amuso on imprisoned former acting boss Joseph DeFede. DeFede did not know that Amuso had placed a contract on his life, but during DeFede's imprisonment he was demoted from capo to soldier and this alerted him to the possibility that he had fallen out of favor with boss Victor Amuso and could be in serious trouble. Upon DeFede's release from prison on February 5, 2002 it was reported that the former Amuso ally immediately turned to the government for help and became an informant. Federal witnesses Joseph DeFede and Alphonse D'Arco gave the US government information regarding Lucchese controlled racketeering operations based around New York City, which helped the federal government continue their decimation of the old Amuso-faction.

Both Alphonse D' Arco and Joseph DeFede also provided information about rackets such as gambling, loansharking, extortion and even information about some old murders, which led to the indictments of Mafia cops, Louis Eppolito and Stephen Caracappa. Eppolito and Caracappa were allegedly working for and taking large bribes from former Lucchese underboss Anthony Casso since the 1980s. The two highly decorated police N.Y.P.D. officers were apparently used by Casso and the Lucchese crime family to gain valuable information about ongoing police investigations and cases concerning New York Mafia member. The two bad cops were also used to lure rivals and possible government informants to their deaths, and in some cases they apparently executed the victims themselves. Louis Daidone received a life sentence in 2003 on racketeering and murder charges, while more than a dozen other prominent Lucchese crime family members were sent to prison during that same year on various charges.

The Committee/Ruling Panel

After the conviction and imprisonment of acting boss Louis Daidone in 2003, Amuso instituted a new Ruling Panel/Committee of influential capos to oversee and run the crime family's day-to-day activities. Prominent and senior Lucchese capos Aniello Migliore, Matthew Madonna and Joseph DiNapoli were handpicked by Amuso to lead the crime family. These senior capos were chosen as street bosses to work in tandem. Instead of placing one particular member in the official Underboss position Amuso divided the power between 3 influential capos. Migliore, a former Corallo loyalist and Amuso rival, is now said to be one of the most powerful mobsters in the Lucchese crime family.

In 2006, former acting boss Steven Crea was released from prison, and the Ruling Panel/Committee continued to run day-to-day activities of the crime family. In late 2009, ruling panel members Matthew Madonna and Joseph DiNapoli were indicted on labor racketeering, illegal gambling and extortion charges.

Life imprisonment

As of 2012, Amuso is serving his life sentence at the Federal Correctional Complex in Beaumont, Texas on murder and racketeering charges. He ruled the family from prison until Steven Crea took over as boss in 2012. Mafia expert Jerry Capeci described Amuso's succession as one of the biggest mistakes in the crime family's history.

Murders sanctioned/committed by Amuso

Amuso, like his friend Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso also had a reputation as a ruthless gangster who loved killing; he ordered many murders and commited some of them personally, he killed many people, some of his own crime family who he thought were "rats", to make him and his friend Casso "feel more secure". Unlike his friend Vittorio, Amuso wasn't as "psychopathic"; when Amuso commited a murder personally, he usually shot his victim in the head so as his death was quick and painless. However, Casso was known to torture his victim for hours shooting every joint in his body because he supposedly enjoyed the sadistic nature of torture.

Order: No./Name/Rank/Affiliation/When/Involvement/Reason

1.Anthony Luongo/Capo/Lucchese Crime Family/1986/Personal/ To take control of the Lucchese crime family.
2.Frank DeCicco/Underboss/Gambino Crime Family/April 13th 1986/At the scene/ DeCicco was killed by a car bomb in revenge for the unsanctioned murder of Paul Castellano, the real target was John Gotti but DeCicco was killed by mistake.
4.Michael Pappadio/Capo/Lucchese Crime Family/1987/Ordered/ For refusing to hand over control of his businesses.
5.Thomas Gilmore/Associate/Lucchese Crime Family/February 1989/Ordered/ for allegedly being an informant.
6.Anthony DiLapi/Soldier/Lucchese Crime Family/February 4th 1990/Ordered/ for allegedly being an informant.
7.Michael Salerno/Capo/Lucchese Crime Family/June 5th 1990/Ordered/ Amuso and Casso wanted to murder a potential enemy
3.Bruno Facciolo/Soldier/Lucchese Crime Family/August 1990/Ordered/ For allegedly being an informant.
8.Edward Lino/Capo/Gambino Crime Family/November 6th 1990/Ordered/ To get to John Gotti.

Popular Culture

A documentary shown on the biography channel was made about Amuso and Casso called Manhattan Mob Rampage.

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